With India chairing three Security Council committees, what does this mean for Pakistan?

With India chairing three Security Council committees

India has recently been given the opportunity to chair three different committees in the UN Security Council for two years. These committees include the Taliban Sanction Committee, the Counter-Terrorism Committee, and the Libya Sanction Committee.

Is Pakistan concerned with the chairmanship of these three Indian committees as a major development?

According to observers, the reason for Pakistan’s concern may be that while India is considered a rival to Pakistan, there will be some economic issues in the coming days in which Pakistan believes that India is a problem for it. Can cause

Diplomatic experts believe that counter-terrorism and the Taliban Sanction Committee are the two areas under which India can harass Pakistan internationally as well as impose further sanctions on it.

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What does the Taliban Section Committee do?

The Taliban Sanction Committee compiles a list of countries that finance or otherwise co-operate with the Taliban.

Based on this, more than 180 countries around the world amend their laws and make their names a part of the list of banned organizations and individuals, followed by laws on money laundering and financing. Is applied.

Ahmar Bilal Sufi, an expert on international law, told the BBC that the affairs of these UN committees were conducted in an authoritative manner and had been enforced.

“At first glance, these seem to be committees, but they are committees formed under Article 7 of the UN Charter. And are very active. And their affairs run in a very authoritative way. Each committee has an additional 15 to 20 resolutions that take into account its scope and mandate.

What will be the impact on Pakistan?

Pakistan is currently facing two to three issues. One of them is the upcoming virtual meeting of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global body to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.

Going back a little, in October 2020, Pakistan had completed 21 of the 27 recommendations of the FATF. But the remaining six recommendations are considered critical by the FATF, and its deadline is February 2021.

One of the perceptions in Pakistan’s diplomatic circles is that India is pushing hard to put Pakistan on the FATF’s blacklist, while failing to curb terrorist financing. But India can also block Pakistan’s international financial funding.

On the other hand, there is the Afghan peace process.

Former Pakistani Information Minister Mushahid Hussain Syed told the BBC: “This is not good news for Pakistan, because the Taliban Sanction Committee, which is based in Afghanistan, and the Counter-Terrorism Committee, which India will head in 2022, are both Pakistan has fundamental interests. India has been opposing Pakistan on both these issues. Now is the time for India to join the Afghan peace process through the back door.

He said that in Afghanistan, Pakistan has played a key role in the dialogue between the United States and the Taliban on the one hand and the Afghan government and the Afghan Taliban on the other. India can try to harm these fundamental interests.

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Ahmar Bilal Sufi says, “If you look at this development in the context of international law, the two countries should stand together.” There is a legal reason for doing so. When you head the Counter-Terrorism Committee as a country, you act under the UN legal framework and not as a country. If you are chairing this committee, then you have a big responsibility.

Speaking on Article 51 of the UN Charter, he said that while the law gives a country the right to defend itself in the event of an attack, on the other hand, any country can use the law to attack a neighbor. Cannot take unilateral action against the country. Therefore, India’s responsibility is greater than ever that it cannot take any action against Pakistan in its own interest.

The point is that when you are the head of the CTC, the Counter Terrorism Committee and the Taliban Sanction Committee, you have a responsibility to ensure that your role in Afghanistan does not change. You have to help but you can’t interfere illegally. India has taken on the greater responsibility of chairing this committee.

What are the interests of India?

Speaking on India’s interests, Sahasni Haider, the diplomatic affairs editor of The Hindu, told the BBC that one of the factors was to keep an eye on the Afghan peace process.

That is why it was so important for India to hold this important position. The list of organizations supporting the Taliban will be removed through the same committee, which will give India an international voice on who should be removed from the list, who should be blocked and who should be deactivated. ۔ And he will be able to put forward his statement.

Regarding the Counter-Terrorism Committee, Sahasni Haider said, “The CTC is currently an important part of India’s international agenda. It is also important for India because India has repeatedly said this and the United Nations has said that Pakistan harbors terrorists. So joining these committees also gives India an opportunity to use its long-standing rhetoric. And it can force Pakistan to take action through FATF.

According to him, in these two years, India would definitely like to take a step forward.

He said that in 1996, India had tried to discuss in detail the financing of terrorism and the prevention of terrorism under the CCIT, the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism, and according to him, once again. He will do his best to enforce it

On the Taliban committee, he said that non-permanent members of the UN have been chairing these committees, but the Security Council also often chooses countries that are not neighbors, and often heads countries outside the region. Opportunity is given, for example, to elect India as the head of the Libya Sanctions Committee is an example of this.

“But now that India has been elected head of the Taliban Sanctions Committee, it is safe to say that the other five permanent states have opposed the non-neighborly condition, which has given India that responsibility.” And that is very important for the Government of India.

What can Pakistan do at the diplomatic level?

Experts and politicians say the solution lies in diplomacy as well as parliamentary diplomacy. Mushahid Hussain said that Pakistan has many options at present.

He said that Pakistan has a key role to play internationally and in the region. “China is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. And our statement may be included in this council through China. The newly elected US President Joe Biden’s incoming government can be of great use to Pakistan.

He said that the incoming US administration including Joe Biden and Kamala Harris have endorsed Pakistan’s position on Kashmir issue.

The third way is to strengthen the diplomatic lobby with non-permanent UN member states. And there are issues beyond the Afghan peace process, counter-terrorism, and Kashmir politics, for which parliamentary diplomacy has been used by the previous government.

“Through it, the government, the army and the state can work together.”